Ganesha names – A random post

Brahma vaivarta purana gives eight names while Amarakosha adds another two more extra names to the list of Ganesha names.  Further Padmapurana gives twelve names in total, and Chintyagama gives 16 names of which Rakta Ganapati is one and strangely includes all the five forms accepted by the Ganapatyas.

Rupa mandana describes that Ganesha is surrounded by Gajakarna on left and Siddhi at right Duhmraka and balachandra at his back and Gauri in norther corner , Saraswati in southern – yaksha raja ie actually kubera at his west and the buddhi on his eastern side

tat karataya vidmahe
hastimukhaya dimahe
tanno dantiH prachodayat

karata being one of Ganesha’s name  and one among the 11 gayatri’s addressed to Ganesha in Maitrayani Samhita.  Harappan motifs – animal motifs depicted did represent certain groups, people . These are the modification of gotras – kasyapa is tortoise, vatsa is calf , bharadvaja is birds and so on and among all this was undoubtedly the group that represented the elephant motif. Vayupurana gives a detailed description of ketumala which mentions gajabhumika – or land of elephants

Panini also refers to a group of people in his book as hastinayana – descended from hastin which signifies elephant.

Mhtobar Idagunji Vinayakanamavali – Self Composed. – 2

  1. candanasindUratiptAnga
  2. pratamapUjya
  3. bhaktAkaNTakanivAraka
  4. surAsuravandita
  5. Idagunji purAshrita
  6. kunjAranyasvAmI
  7. ekaviMshati kapardi dhruvAvarta
  8. sadhana mantra rAyasya
  9. gANapatyapriyA
  10. navadUrvApriya
  11. sUrya maNDalamadhyagA
  12. vAyu kilakA
  13. moharUpA
  14. bindurUpA
  15. mRityuvinAshaka
  16. mahAroganivArak
  17. karuNa sindU
  18. guhyavidya pradayaka
  19. mokshapradayaka
  20. ashapuraka

Mhtobar Idagunji Vinayakanamavali – Self Composed. – 1

    1. dvibhujA
    2. mahAkalA
    3. zyAma
    4. manohara
    5. tapobhRt
    6. kAruNya nidhi
    7. siddhipradAyaka
    8. sApoddhAra
    9. caturthIvratasantuSTa
    10. caturvargaphalapradAya
    11. cintAmaNi
    12. chintAvinAsaka
    13. nitya panchakadya nivedin
    14. vighnavidAraka
    15. nigUDha
    16. pratigraha
    17. abhIpada
    18. ghRtaprasatta
    19. duSprasAda
    20. aparicita

 

ಏಳಿಂಜೆ ದೇವಸ್ಥಾನದ ಮಹಾಗಣಪತಿ ದೇವರು

ನಮ್ಮ ನಾಡಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಸವ೯ಜನ ಮಾನ್ಯತೆ ಪಡೆದು ಮೆರೆಯುವ ಮಹಾಗಣಪತಿ ನಮ್ಮಲ್ಲಿ ಮಂಡಲ,ಸ್ವಸ್ತಿಕೆ, ಕಲಶ,ಹೋಮಾದಿಗಳ ಮೂಲಕ ಆರಾಧಿಸಲ್ಪಡುತ್ತಾನೆ.  ಅಲ್ಲದೆ ಮದವೂರು, ಶರವು, ಆನೆಗುಡ್ಡೆ, ಹಟ್ಟಿಯಂಗಡಿ, ಇಡಗುಂಜಿ, ನೆಂಪು, ಮಾವಂತೂರು, ಕಾಟಿಪಳ್ಳ,ಮೊದಲಾದ ಊರುಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಸುಪ್ರಸಿದ್ಧ ಗಣಪತಿ ದೇವಾಲಯಗಳೂ ಇವೆ.

ಯಕ್ಷಗಾನ ಬಯಲಾಟಕ್ಕೆ ಗಣಪತಿ ಮೂಲದೇವರೆಂದು ನಂಬಿಕೆಯಿದೆ.  ಬಯಲಾಟದ ಆದ್ಯಂತ್ಯಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಗಜಮುಖನ ನೆನವರಿಕೆಯಿದೆ.  ಸ್ಕಂದಪುರಾಣದ ನಾಗರಖಂಡ, ಕೌಮಾರಿ ಕಾಖಂಡ, ಲಿಂಗ ಪುರಾಣ, ಪದ್ಮ ಪುರಾಣದ ಸೃಷ್ಟಿಖಂಡ, ಶಿವಪುರಾಣ, ಸುಪ್ರಭೇದಾಗಮ, ಬ್ರಹ್ಮ ವೈವತ೯ಪುರಾಣ, ಮತ್ಸ್ಯಪುರಾಣ, ಮತ್ತು ವರಾಹ ಪುರಾಣಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಗಣಪತಿಯ ಜನ್ಮವೃತ್ತಾಂತವನ್ನು ಹೇಳುವ ರೋಚಕವಾದ ಅನೇಕ ಕಥೆಗಳಿವೆ.

ಗಣೇಶಪುರಾಣ, ಗಣೇಶ ಉಪನಿಷತ್ಗಳು ಗಣಪತಿಗೆ ಸಂಬಂಧಿಸಿದ ಗ್ರಂಥಗಳಾಗಿವೆ.  ದೊಡ್ಡ ದೊಡ್ಡ ದೇವಾಲಯಗಳಲ್ಲಿರುವಂತೆ ನಮ್ಮ ದೇವಸ್ಥಾನದಲ್ಲೂ ಗಣಪತಿ ಉಪಸ್ಥಾನ ಮೂತಿ೯ಯಾಗಿದ್ದಾನೆ. ಇತಿಹಾಸ ತಜ್ಙ ದಿ. ಪಾದೂರು ಗುರುರಾಜ ಭಟ್ಟರ ಅಭಿಪ್ರಾಯದಂತೆ ಈ ಗಣಪತಿಮೂತಿ೯ ಸಾಧಾರಣ 11-12ನೇ ಶತಮಾನಕ್ಕೆ ಸೇರಿದ್ದು. ಅವರು ಸಂಗ್ರಹಿಸಿ ಬರೆದಿರುವ ತುಳುನಾಡಿನ ಚರಿತ್ರೆ (1975)ಯಲ್ಲಿ ಸೇರಿಸಿಕೊಂಡ ವಿಶಿಷ್ಟ ಗಣಪತಿಯ ಭಾವಚಿತ್ರಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ನಮ್ಮ ಗಣಪತಿಯ ಚಿತ್ರವೂ ಸೇರಿದೆ.

ಈ ಮಹಾಗಣಪತಿ ದೇವರ ಮೂತಿ೯ ಮೂಲತಃ ಸಮೀಪದ ಬಿಸುಗುಂಡಿ ಎಂಬಲ್ಲಿ ಇತ್ತು. ಅದು ಐಕಳಬಾವದ ಮನೆಯವರ ಇಷ್ಟದೈವವಾಗಿತ್ತು.ಮುಂದೆ ಕಾಲಾನುಭಾಗದಲ್ಲಿ ಮಹಾಗಣಪತಿ ಏಳಿಂಜೆ ದೇವಸ್ಥಾನಕ್ಕೆ ಸ್ಥಾನಾಂತರಗೊಂಡಿತು.ಅಲ್ಲಿ ಮುಖ್ಯದೇವರಾಗಿ ಪೂಜೆ ಸ್ವೀಕರಿಸಿದ ಗಣಪತಿ ಇಲ್ಲಿ ಉಪಸ್ಥಾನ ಮೂತಿ೯ಯಾದರೂ ಪ್ರಧಾನ ದೇವರಂತೆಯೇ ಕಾರಣೀಕದಿಂದ ಮೆರೆಯುತ್ತಾನೆ.ಶ್ರೀಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀಜನಾದ೯ನ ದೇವರ ಒತ್ತಿಗೆ ಮಹಾಗಣಪತಿ ದೇವರ ಹೆಸರೂ ಸೇರಿಕೊಂಡಿದೆ.ಮಹಾಗಣಪತಿಯ ಮಹಿಮೆಯನ್ನು ಸಾರುವ ಅನೇಕ ಘಟನೆಗಳು ಜನಮನದಲ್ಲಿ ಪ್ರಚಲಿತದಲ್ಲಿವೆ.ಅಲ್ಪ ಭಕ್ತಿಗೆ ಒಲಿದು ಬರುವ ಮಹಾಗಣಪತಿ ದೇವರೊಂದಿಗೆ ಏಳಿಂಜೆ ಶ್ರೀ ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀಜನಾದ೯ನ ದೇವರು ಭಕ್ತ ಮಹಾಜನರನ್ನು ರಕ್ಷಿಸುತ್ತಿದ್ದಾರೆ.

sarva ganeshArpanamastu

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Ganesha Purana, Upasanakhanda

As chanted by Angaraka when he receives the darshan of Vinayaka

Due to your darshan, my prakasha [ light] my eyes [drishti ] have become auspicious [ मङ्गल] oh devapati
My vidya [ knowledge ] and kutumba [ family ] are auspicious too [ मङ्गल] , oh Ganapati
This earth [ pRthivI] which contains the mountains is also restless [व्याकुल]
The eyes [ lochana] austerity [तापना] and everything else is become auspicious [ मङ्गल] because of you.
You are Mangala [ मङ्गल] oh Vinayaka this voice in which I , who is restless [व्याकुल] render this stuti this entire place is become auspicious [ मङ्गल]

Ganesha purana, Upasanakhanda 61 chapter Angaraka Chaturthi Vrata

Ganesha, Snakes : A Study on connection

Ganesha is incarnated as Mahotkata Vinayaka, in Krta yuga. He wears a swarnim katisutra – or a girdle made of gold along with the naaga in the stomach. During the thread ceremony, many devatas gave gifts to Ganesha, among them was Adishesha who offered his body to Mahotkata as a seat – phanirajasana [ one of the names of Ganesha which means the one who has the adishesha or the king of snakes as his seat]. Tretayuga, Ganesha was Mayureshwara, when he conquers Patala, he subdues Shesha and Vasuki, it is mentioned that he adores Vasuki on his neck and wraps Sesha around his waist, hence he was also known as Sarpabhushana. Mudgala Purana states, Sesanaga as the vahana of Ganesha. Another famous story [ which every kid knows] is the one associated with cursed Bhadrapada moon and Ganesha tying the snake around his belly when he falls down from the mouse. The association of Naga is well summed up in Sahasranamastotra – sarpaharakatisutra [whose girdle is a snake ] sarpayagnopavitam [ who wears snake as his sacred thread] sarpakotirkatahah [ who wears the bracelet of snakes] sarpakakshodharabhanda [ who wears a serpent around his tummy] sarpagraiveyakangadah [ who wears snake around his neck as ornament] sarparajottariyakah [ who wears snake as his dress]

sarva ganeshArpanamastu – To be continued

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Ganesha , Random post -2

Ganesha along with Gana’s – 2nd Century in Buddhist Monastry-Kantaka Cetiya in Mihintale, VahalkadaA

Ganapatya sect was very powerful and wide-spread.  Adi Sankara listed Ganapatya as one of the “Shanmata” or the six paths of the Hindu worship. At the end of his Digvijaya Yatra and after establishing four Mathas (monasteries) to propagate his philosophy of Advaita, Sankara felt the needs of the untutored devout hearts. He established a new system of worship for their guidance. He grouped all the Gods and Goddesses under six main streams of worship. They are Shaiva (worship of Shiva), Vaishnava (worship of Vishnu), Shakti (worship of Shakti, Mother Goddess), Saurya (worship of Surya, the Sun God), Ganapatya (worship of Ganesha or Ganapati) and Kaumarya (worship of Kumara also known as Murugan or Subramanya). Murugan was well known as a Hill God in the South. Sankara taught that these six bhakti-darshanas or paths of prayer are not in conflict but are for the choice of the worshiper striving to reach the Supreme. He did not destroy any existing belief but brought order into the Hindu fold in a form which did not exist earlier.   The absorption of Ganesha was achieved through legends and stories in the various Puranas which abound in stories of Ganesha. Although most of the Puranas and Upa-puranas have incidents from the life of Ganesha, the main legends are in the Shiva Purana, Linga Purana, Brahmavaivarta Purana, Skanda Purana, Varaha Purana, Matsya Purana and Padma Purana as well as the two Upa-puranas, the Ganesha Purana and Mudgala Purana.  To philosophers, Ganesha represents OM, the symbol of the Brahman, the sound from which the World emanated. Ganesha is also the embodiment of Vaak, the Word. The letter OM” in Sanskrit and in Tamil as written in the respective languages symbolizes the divine sound “OM” called Pranava and according to Ganapatya the elephant head and the curved trunk of Ganesha.

The earliest reference to the name Ganapati as the “Lord of the Ganas” is in connection with deities other than Ganesha himself Brihaspati is addressed as “ganaanaam tvaa ganapatim havaamahe” in Rigveda. However, as in several other cases, the description is transferred to Indra, on another occasion, when he is also addressed as Ganapati. The Taittareeya Aranyaka refers to Dantin, who has a twisted trunk (Vakratunda) and who holds a sheaf of corn, a sugar cane and a club.The importance of Ganapati in the post-Buddhist Hindu Renaissance is affirmed by the fact that Mahaayaana Buddhism believed that the ‘Ganapati Hridaya Mantra’ was taught to Aananda by Buddha himself.  Later Upa Puranas promoted Ganapatya with greater force identifying Ganesha with Brahman. Ganapatya believes that OM or the Pranava Mantra as the symbol of Ganesha. He is the first word “Vaak”, the first cause.   With the sound of OM resounding through the Universe, Ganesha appeared against the light of the first dawn blowing the conch through which the sound of OM had emanated.

Though Ganesha is known in many names, Vinayaka is the common name that appears in Puranas, Buddhist tantras.  In South India HE is known as Pillayar  in Tamil.   According to Kanchi Mahaperiyava Pillayar is interpreted as a noble child, a word of respect.  AK Narain a historian tells us that it may have rooted from the word pallu, pella, pell , in dravidian language which refers to tooth or tusk or extending to elephant tusk.  The pali word for a young elephant is Pillaka.  which could have been the origin of the name pillayar.

In Burmese Ganesha is known as Mahapennine while in Pali MahaWinayaka  and the Thai know him as PhraPhikhanet derived from the word Varavighnesha , Sinhalese Aivanayaka Deviyo or Ganadeviyo.  Ganesha is also worshipped in Vietnam, but as per Shaiva Tradition.  We can see small images  even today in some old temple ruins.

To be continued

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