Random Posts – 1

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According to Kasyapa-Silpa instead of a noose there may be a rosary or serpent…. the lepakshi ganesha shows a lower hand resting on his thigh, and his trunk is as if he is picking woodapple or sometimes modak or pudding… He is lambodara and his pot belly is rounded by a serpent or yagnopavita somet imes the thread itself is the snake that hangs across the body from left shoulder

12 names of Ganesha – Padmapurana

14055645_10207074343682280_1316787484_nganapati – गणपति – vighnaraj – विघ्नराज् – lambatunda – लम्बतुन्द – gajAnana –  गजानन –  dvaimAtura – द्वैमातुर  – heramba – हेरम्ब – ekadanta – एकदन्त –  gaNAdhipa – गणाधिप – vinayaka  – विनायक – cArukarNa – चारुकर्ण- pashupala -पशुपाल – bhAvatmaja –  भावात्मज

These are the 12 names that appear in the verse which states that when a devotee chants these names early morning before /around sunrise then the one who controls the entire world will protect the devotee from any problems that would arise.  This verse appears in Padma Purana.  

All of us have problems and many a times it so happens that during troubled times – emergencies – it is not practical to be able to spend hours in long procedures of puja. So here is a very simple parihara one can follow. 

Sapta Matrikas – Part 2

Malaiyadippatti Saptamatrika
Malaiyadippatti Saptamatrika

Brahmi
The first Matrika in the series is yellow complexioned and has four faces, three of which are visible in her sculptures, the fourth one is at the back. Two of her arms in varada and abaya gestures and she carries kamandalu and akashamala in two other hands, She is seatedupon a lotus, has hamsa (swan) as her  vahana. She wears a yellow garment (pitambara) and her head is adorned with a Karanda Mukuta. Her place is under a palas tree

the pre creative aspect of brahma.  She is not the spouse of brahma, but Mahamaya who produced Shabdha.  It is she who produced the “Ka” beeja  and she existed even before the nagas.

Vaishnavi
Vaishnavi is dark in complexion, carries in one of her hands the chakra and in the corresponding left hand the sankha; her two other hands are held in the abhaya and the varada mudra. [devi purana says shankha , chakra, gadha and padma]  She has a lovely face, pretty eyes and she wears a yellow garment. On her head is a Kirita Mukuta. She is adorned with all the ornaments generally worn by Vishnu and the emblem of her banner as well as her  vahana is the Garuda. Her place is under a Raja Vriksha and wears a vanamala.  The sustenance aspect of the world.

Vaishnavi is the source of vishnu.  The mohini aspect of vaishnavi creates Maya.  The order , the dharma all are created by vaishnavi.

Indrani
Indrani has 3eyes and 4 arms; which carries vajra and the sakti, the two other hands being respectively held in the varada and abhaya poses. The colour of these goddess is red, and she has on her head a Kirita Mukuta. Her vahana / emblem of her banner is elephant, and her abodeis under the Kalpaka tree. Vishnudharmottra says, she who is golden color and has 6 arms and 1000 eyes, while Devipurana says she carry ankusha and vajra.  only and in the Purva Karanagama it has been mentioned that she hasonly two eyes and she holds lotus in one of her hands.  She strikes fear in the evil.

Mahesvari
Mahesvari is white in complexion, she has three eyes. She has four arms, two of which are in the varada and the abaya poses, while in the remaining two hands she carries the trisula and akashamala.  Her banner as well as the vahana is Nandi (bull); she wears a Jata Makuta.

The mahakali aspect that shows the difference between real and unreal.  The one who clears the veil of maya

Kaumari
Kaumari is yellow in complexion and has four hands, in two of which she carries the sakti and the kukkuta, the remaining two hands in the abhaya and the varada poses. Her  vahana is the Peacock. Her abode is under a fig tree.According to the Vishnudharamottara, she has six faces and twelve arms, in which she carries the sakti, dhvaja, danda, dhanus, bana, ghanta, padma, patra and parasu.  Devi Purana adds that her garlands are made of red flower / Purvakarnagama.   She is the source of karthikeya aspect [ guha – the deepest aspect of highest knowledge ]

Varahi
Varahi is dark complexioned, with human body and the face of a boar. She wears on her head a Karanda Makuta and is adorned with ornaments made of corals. She weilds the hala and the shakti and is seated under a Kalpaka tree.Her vahana as well as the emblem of her banner is the Elephant.  Vishnudharmottara states that she has a big belly and six hands, in four of which she carries the danda, khadga, khetaka and pasa.  Purvakaranagama says she carries the hall and musala as her weapons. She wears on her legs nupuras (anklets).  The one who protects from negative aspects.

Chamunda
Goddess Chamunda has four arms, varada and abhaya mudra and in the other two hands kapala (skull)and the trisula.  Devi destroyed two asuras Chanda and Munda.  She has emaciated body, aunken belly and a terrifying face with a grin. She wears a garland of skulls. Her garment is the tiger skin and her abode is under fig tree. As the mother goddess she is the fertility aspect of Durga. She has been praised as the tutelary goddess of Vindhya mountains.

She has a very heavy Jata Makuta. In the Purva Karanagama it is mentioned that she should have her mouth open and should wear on her head the digit of the moon as Siva does, that her vahana is an owl and the emblem of her banner is an eagle. In one of the left hands she carries the kapala which is filled with lumps of flesh, and in another left hand she holds a snake. She wears in her ears kundalas made of conch-shell.

Sapta Matrikas – Part 1

Screen Shot 2016-08-17 at 3.25.35 PMI have added before some articles on the Saptamatrikas.  Here is another version about the origin of saptamatrikas as per Isana sivaguru deva paddhati, the Matrikas were created to help Lord Siva inhis fight against Andhakasura. When the Lord inflicted wounds on Andhaka, blood began to flow profusely from his body. Each drop which touched the ground assumed the shape of another Andhaka. Thus there were innumerable Asuras fighting Siva. To stop the flow of the blood, Siva created a goddess called Yogesvari from the flames issuing out of his mouth. Brahma, Vishnu, Maheswara, Kumara, Varaha, Indra and Yama also sent their saktis to follow Yogesvari in stopping the flow of blood. Thus the Sapta Matrikas originated and Andhakasura finally lost his power and was defeated by Siva.

In the Suprabhedagama, the Matrikas are said to have been created by Brahma in order to kill Nirrita. The Agama literature gives a brief description of these goddesses : that Brahmani should be sculptured like Brahma; Mahesvari like Mahesvara; Vaishnavi like Vishnu; Varahi as a short woman with an angry face and bearing a plough as her weapon; Indrani like Indra and Chamunda , terrific with  her hair in a disheveled condition, should possess a dark complexion and have four hands. She should weild the trisula in one of her hands and carry a kapala in another. All the Matrikas are to be seated images and should  bear Varada and Abhaya mudras while the other two hands carry weapons appropriate to the male counterparts of the female powers.
The Varaha Purana states that these mother-goddesses are eight in number and includes among them the Goddess Yogesvari. It further says that these Matrikas represent eight qualities . Accordingly, Yogesvari represents kama / desire; Mahesvari, krodh or anger; Vaishnavi, lobha or covetousness; Brahmani; mada or  pride; Kaumari moha or illusion; Indrani, matsarya or fault finding; Yami or Chumunda  paisunya , that is tale bearing; and Varahi asuya or envy.

Varahamihira’s Brihat Samhita mentions about the images of Sapta Matrikas While Devi Purana mentions the name of the flowers used for the worship of Matrikas.  Prevalence of the worship of the divine mothers is believed to be as early as 3rd millennium.C., when the Indus Valley Civilization flourished.  The several Tantra sastras such as Svachhanda Tantra and Yogini Hridaya contains detailed description of the Sapta Matrikas, seated in lalitAsana should be adorned with heavy ornaments [ necklaces and circular ear-rings]

To be continued

Likhit Ganesha Mantra Japa.

Screen Shot 2016-08-16 at 1It has always been a regular complain of many of the followers of this blog and facebook page, about the likhit jaap.  Most of you either told that you are not a regular on internet, or your loved ones- mom/dad doesn’t use internet or computers so some how participating in the likhit jaap was always posing a problem.   As a solution I have started this blog GANESHA JAPA

I dont have to mention the benefits of written jaap in the sadhana since its know by all.  If you like to participate in this divine mantra japa Yagna all you have to do is write the mantra. The procedure is very simple.

  •  All one requires is a pen and book to write the mantra.
  • Whether one is sitting, relaxing, walking or standing,  slowly write the mantra [ om gam ganapataye namaH ] in any language that you feel comfortable in.  While writing , make sure you mentally chant and concentrate on the mantras.
  • One can use different colors for writing to make it interesting and also to make it more powerful by the energy of colors.  If you use computer, you can type it in on MS word.
  •  By the end of the day /week as per your convenience send an email to ganeshanamebank@gmail.com. 

This is the blog that will contain all your likhit jaap at the feet of Lord Ganesha. – Visit here – GANESHA JAPA BLOG

Polla Pillayar and Nambiyandar

nambiyandar-nambi-giving-mothagam-to-polla-pillaiyar-thirunaraiyur (1)The temple we are talking about today is called Tirunaraiyur.  It is named so because  a shapit gandarva [ gandharva who was cursed ] worshiped lord shiva here in the form of a stork.  This temple is situated between Chidambaram and Kattumannar Koil. It is 16 kms away from Chidambaram.

Nambiyandar was born in this village to Ananthesar, the priest at the Ganesha temple, the Ganesha here was known as Polla Pillaiyar.  It was a routine for Nambi as he was affectionately called to accompany his father to the temple.  He observed how the puja was conducted.  When the time for offering naivedya cane his father used to ask him to wait outside and close the door.  Then with ringing bells naivedya was done to Vinayagar.  When Nambi, enquired where the food is he used to tell that the Vinayagar ate it. The young boy learnt all the rituals in conducting puja by the time he was seven years old.

It so happened that Ananthesar had to attend the function in the neighbouring village.  Nambi’s   father handed over the keys and asked him to conduct the puja and be careful not to loose the keys. As directed, next day morning in the early hours Nambi father left the house.  After few hours Nambi’s mother gave him a vessel filled with kozhukattai, [ rice dumplings] which was naivedya

Screen Shot 2016-08-16 at 10Now the boy opened the door , cleaned the place and decorated Ganesha chanted the mantras this father used to chant, followed the procedure and the time came when he had to offer the food to Ganesha.  As per the procedure he closed the doors, offered the vessel with the kozhukattai and looked at the idol of Ganesha.  Eagerly he spoke

Look what I have brought today, I have heard you like kozhukattai the most

There was no answer from Ganesha.  When Ganesha didn’t touch the naivedya it let him to think that may be Ganesha was angry at him. He asked

Are you angry with me ? have I made some mistake in the puja procedure

Still there was no response, he thought may be Ganesha is not hungry.  He suddenly remembered how his mother use to make him eat food when he was not hungry he looked affectionately at Ganesha eyes as said shall I tell you a story when you eat this?  still there was no response from Ganesha.

Nambi’s eyes was brimming with tears, He did not understand why Ganesha did not eat the food he has brought.  He was worried that his father is going to be cross with him for not “making ganesha eat” the naivedya.  Nambi had decided in his mind and in a stern voice replied Well, if you dont eat what I brought then I will end my life here. so saying he vigorously started to pound  his head on the floor.

Ganesha is kindest of all, even to those who don’t believe in him.  How can he not be moved with this sincere devotion of a child?  The next moment  Nambi felt the soft trunk of on his back.  Looked up, and he say the owner of the universe right in front of him majestically swaying his ears and seeing Nambi affectionately.  The karunasagara had appeared instantly at the devotees call

Eat the sweet my mother has sent you, these fruits and coconut also for you.  Ganesha obliged him and ate the sweet dumplings and Nambi had a satisfied look and was pleased.  He closed his eyes and said Thankyou and as he closed his eyes Ganesha disappeared

Meanwhile devotees  were waiting outside to get a small portion of the naivedya .  Nambi came out and told them that Ganesha had completely finished the naivedya offered.  They muttered among themselves may be Nambi, being small kid must have eat up everything behind the closed door so say they went away.

Now the boy reached home and told the mother, mother was happy to hear everything, till she heard that Ganesha ate up the food.  She started scolding him thinking how did he learn to lie so skilfully but the boy did not change the story and she thought he was insane. The next day also Nambi took the naivedya and the same happened.

Nambi went home with empty vessels and his father who had reached home asked did you if everything was handled.  An enthusiastic Nambi said yes I saw to it that Ganesha came and ate all that I took for him.  Father noticed the empty vessels with a shock and said

where is prasad nambi?  Nambi, instantly replied Ganesha ate it all and he was happy with the tasty food.  Namibia replied with such innocence and continued, he was beautiful appa.

The fathers face changed drastically and in anger he roared as his heavy hand fell on Nambi’s thigh. He also felt that Nambi ate up all the naively secretly.  There was a huge commotion, neighbours came but Nambi didn’t change his story.  They felt sad for the kid and one elder said

He is just a kid he wanted to eat the sweets may be , its after all matter of food and children like eating so leave the matter, don’t beat the child

21803638870_3760d252fd_mNext day, nambi’s father told him to accompany him to temple and Nambi was asked to perform the pooka rituals and he stood outside watching how his son was faring and was moved by soulful rendering of the hymns.  Finally the time came when naivedya was offered

Nambi started talking to Ganesha, saying how his father didn’t believe him when he said that Ganesha ate up the food, for a moment Nambi thought his son had gone mad.  Suddenly Ganesha appeared and Nambi’s father almost fainted in awe as he witnessed Ganesha happily eating the stuff.  Ganesha disappeared after  blessing Nambi

The father banged the doors and Nambi opened he fell at the feet of Nambi and said you are great my son. I am a fool who suspected your innocence.  All the people who had gathered in the temple were dumbstruck.  From that day Ganesha puja was done by Nambi.

He went on and became a great tamil scholar and sang many tevarams.  Opposite to this temple home of Nambiyandar Nambi is present.

Further Reading : You can read about Nambiyandar Nambi – here

Ganesha and astrology – Part 1

As a remedy for various astrological problems, the worship of Lord Ganesha is suggested the most. When one reads the stories associated with Ganesha [ ganesha purana as well as Mudgala Purana ] it is clear that Ganesha upasana becomes an efficient remedy when it comes to deal with Moon, Mercury, Mars and Ketu. Tuesday and Wednesday are the favorable days to worship Lord Ganesha as part of astrological remedies.

One of the stories of how Ganesha lost his tusk, states that Ganesha broke off his tusk to write Mahabharata. The date quoted was Akshaya Tritiya.   Those of you who know to read panchanga will realise that this day falls on the third day/thithi of the waxing moon or Shukla Paksha in the month of Vaishaka. According to the vedic astrology dealing with muhurtha, 3 Lunar days/thithi  are considered auspicious because both surya graha and chandra graha is believed to have maximum brightness on these thithis and are at their exalted positions. These thithis are

  • Prathama of bright half of Chaitra month,
  • Dashami thithi of bright half of Ashvina month (Vijay Dashmi) and
  • Thrithya of bright half of Vaishakha month (Akshaya Tritiya).

These thithis along with first thithi of bright half of Karttika are referred as Sade Teen Muhurath. The auspiciousness of these thithis for a specific activity, however, depends on other elements of astrology. So the story tells us that any activity initiated on this day is believed to yield good results and people focus on buying valuables and starting new ventures.  Charity done on this day is also considered fruitful.

To be continued

Idagunji Vinayaka

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He who is dwibhuja and wears the yagnopavita
He who stands magnificently in Kunjavana
He who never lets his devotees return empty hand
And holds a lotus in his hand
Since He has taken abode in my heart
The Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury,
Jupiter, Venus, Saturn,
And the two snakes (Rahu and Ketu);
They all are unqualifiedly good, good indeed,
Wholly good are they to the devotees,
Exceedingly good they are!

om gam idagunji ganapataye namaH

gaNesha dvAdasha nAmastotra from Mudgala Purana.

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shrIgaNeshAya namaH ||
shuklAmbaradharaM vishNuM shashivarNaM chaturbhujam |
prasannavadanaM dhyAyetsarvavighnopashAntayeH || 1||
abhIpsitArthasiddhyarthaM pUjito yaH surAsuraiH |
sarvavighnaharastasmai gaNAdhipataye namaH || 2||
gaNAnAmadhipashchaNDo gajavaktrastrilochanaH |
prasanno bhava me nityaM varadAtarvinAyaka || 3||
sumukhashchaikadantashcha kapilo gajakarNakaH |
lambodarashcha vikato vighnanAsho vinAyakaH || 4||
dhUmraketurgaNAdhyaxo bhAlachandro gajAnanaH |
dvAdashaitAni nAmAni gaNeshasya tu yaH paThet || 5||
vidyArthI labhate vidyAM dhanArthi vipulaM dhanam |
iShTakAmaM tu kAmArthI dharmArthI mokshamakshayam || 6||
vidyAraMbhe vivAhe cha praveshe nirgame tathA |
saNgrAme saNkaTe chaiva vighnastasya na jAyate || 7||

iti mudgalapurANoktaM shrIgaNeshadvAdashanAmastotraM sampUrNam |

Sharadatilaka Tantra – Chintamanidwipa varNana

dIATJD1467185045Sharada tilaka talks about Chintamani dweepa. Chintamani is that jewel which yields all the objects desired;of this the city is built.  In the commentary on Gowdapaada-sutra(no.7)the Chintamani house is explained as the place of origin of all those mantras which bestow all desired objects(chinthitha),and its construction is elaborately described.

Among the seven oceans is called the ocean of sugarcane juice – ikshurasa sagara and admit this dwells a beautiful island called chintamani dweepa.  It raises from the ocean and the waves constantly salute lord ganesah who dwells in swananda dhama. The trees like mandara, parijata, and many others in his garden called kalpadruma.  The landscape looks crimson and in the centre of the island is mystical tree called parijata.  At the foot of this tree is the great peetaH known as mahApeetaH on this  is the lotus, in the midst of the lotus is a shadkona., in the midst of which is a trikona.  Ganesha is in that trikona.  the supreme power of Ganesha is in that trikona who can be seen by upasana by meditation [ dhyana] of this form and one will be blessed with his darshan.

Swanandaloka – details about Ganesha’s abode.

img0021Upasana khanda introduces us to the story of Ganesha by focusing on how a layman becomes his devotee and the subsequent journey to learn the worship this requires.   Uttarakhanda is more about focusing on the individual in relation to Ganesha while Kridhakhanda is focusing on the three worlds in relation to him.

Swananda dhama is filled with jewels and gold, which makes it glitter.  Located in midst of sugar ocean.   The rishi states  it is certainly never attained through vedanta or dAna or vratas or yagna or any kind of prayers.  It is attained only be the grace of Ganesha, that a devotee achieves by constant devotion.

Ganesha’s abode also is called Swananda dhama / swananda bhuvana / nijaloka – the abode of bliss.   The path to this world is called divyaloka / nijaloka is exceedingly difficult. It is created by a partial manifestation of his shakthi called Kamadayani yoga shakthi.  The peetaH is called as kamadayini peetaH which extends for 5000 yojanas.

Swanandadhama is empty for 1000 yojanas and cannot be reached just by anyone including sages. The powerful shakti, bhramarambika guards the adharasakti kamadayini who is golden in appearance.  She is as bright as 1000 of suns’ put together.  She looks extremely ugra with loads of mattered hair. Her face is so bright that the ten regions around the loka can be illuminated.   On this peetaH sits the Swanandha dhama just like I mentioned before it is filled with gold and jewels shining from the foreheads  of elephants.  Swanandha loka has no place for maya or delusion nor duHkha or distress

To the north of this loka  one can see the supreme sugar ocean and right at the middle of this ocean is the beautiful lotus which is sahasradala kamala and on that lotus there is a throne made of gems and rare jewels, swananda-vinayaka rests on this throne [ ratnatalpa] . Lord Ganesha has a child like appearance and is raktavarna and wears a kasturi tilaka. Lord Ganesha is trinetra eye is the moon , sun , and fire and his fat belly is the sphere of the Earth.   His hairs are the planets and the ocean and the rivers appear to be as drops of his shining perspiration.  In short in front of this world, the other world looks like a spec of dust.  He wears a divyamAla [ celestial garland ] and suveSadhara [fine rich clothes] smeared with celestial fragrances [ divya sugandhADhya].   Lord Ganesha is muktAbharaNa bhushita and wears  nakSatramAlA.  On his head he holds a half moon [ ardhendu bhushita ] .  Just the mere recollection of this form removes the sins / evils of men that was committed in all the lives  just like River Ganga removes sins.

3868532986_7e128fc133_bSwananda loka has four gates, each gate is guarded by two attendants called parshadas bring their total to eight.  Each is short in stature , compassionate but very powerful, they all are chaturbhuja    In two hands they hold weapons and in other two they hold a stick and tarjani mudra.  – this mudra is nothing but thumb and forefinger joined showing the soul’s unity with Ganesha.  At eastern gate are avighna and vighna raja who hold a hatchet and lotus , while at southern gate is swaktra and balaram holding sword and shield.  The western gate is guarded by gajakarna and gokarna holding bow and arrow.  Susaumya and shubhadayaka guard the northern gate holding lotus and goad.    There are two shakthi that guard the swananda loka and they are tejovati and jwalini. The myriads of devatas and living beings in their thousand looks  like mosquitoes in udumbara tree when they are located on him . This is the arrangement of world in summary.

To be continued : Chintamani Dwipa varNana

 

Saptamatrikas and Shadripu

In continuance with my earlier post on Shadripu and Mudgala Purana , the next is series is Saptamatrikas and Shadripu

la-7-matrikas-and-DurgaGoldenTymphaneum-Nepal-720Just like the eight avatars of Ganapati symbolize the abstract qualities which will help the sadhaka to triumph over the Shadripu (षड्रिपु Shad which mean six and Ripu enemies. ) which means the six enemies of the soul.  The saptamatrika upasana along with Ganesha with each matrika will help the sadhaka to truimp over the shadripu.

Shadripu bind the soul to the process of birth and death and keep it confined in this material world (confines of maya).   Our scriptures traditionally list the shadripu as : hunger, thirst , old age , death , sorrow and delusion.  Bhaskaraya rejects this and says there are two kinds of karma/actions punyA and pApa.  which leads to the upasaka suffering in these bondages.  The puranAs state as follows

37855160Yogeshwari upasana [chAmundA] equates overcoming the lust.  While anger is dealt by the upasana of mAheshwari, greed is vaishnavi while pride or abhimAna is brahmanI . Further kaumAri deals with delusion , and envy – Indrani.  The defects of slander  is overcome by Yami and jealousy by sadhana of vArahi.   There was also another method of upsana, the later date tantrik literature lists the the seven matrkas against these weakness.  These seven goddesses test our spiritual progress by causing impediments and obstacles. A man generally fails to stay connected with spirituality when he is in distress.

Melpadi Soma8The group of six [ shadvarga ] was regarded as vighna to sadhana.  The matrika upasana came to being principally to suppress the evil tendency of devotee.  Tantra attributes different types of VinAyaka each representing sapta matrkas.  The seven vinayakas are

  1. mahAganapati
  2. Urdhva Ganapati
  3. Pingala Ganapati
  4. Ucchista Ganapati
  5. Lakshmi Ganapati
  6. Haridra ganapati
  7. Vallabha Ganapati

These seven ganapati are associated with – Brahmani, Maheshwari, Kaumari, Vaishnavi, Varahi, Indrani, and Chamunda.  These matrikas test the upasaka from different perspectives. They cause pride, anger, illusion, greed, envy, carping and denigration by causing these obstacles, they test our depth of devotion and hence they are also known as Vighneshi (causing obstacles).

  • Brahmani [ kama ],
  • Maheshwari [krodha]
  • Kaumari, with lobhA
  • Vaishnavi, power to fascinate and delude [ mohA ]
  • Varahi, pride and arrogance or madA.
  • Indrani, jealousy and envy [ matsarya ]
  • Chamunda. with pApa, urge to sin and desire to hurt others with black magic [ abhichAra ]

Sri to benign tendencies.  There is also mention of these saptamatrikas headed with Yogeshwari  (making a total of eight) cause supernatural powers (ashtashiddhi). These eight supernatural powers divided themselves into two major aspects of supernatural accomplishments and normal intellect.

The eight body constituents are presided over by the eight  matrkas are skin by brAhmi, blood by Maheshwari, muscles by kaumari, fat tissue by vaishnavi, bone by vArAhi , bone marrow by IndrAni, semen by ChAmundA  and finally ojas by Sri

To be continued